Brighton Forgeries

½a Circular1a Circular4a CircularJammuKashmirNew Rectangulars

There is an entry on Wikipedia that informs one about a certain Harold “The Brighton Forger” Treherne, active ca.1902. As with all his many forgeries (some 450 dies and plates) his J&K productions, considered his best, were done with a photographic process. Examples are thus correct in basic design but usually appear in odd colors (many are watercolor) and on papers not seen among the originals. The listings below are from Séfi & Mortimer (from which the b/w scans were also taken). Many types are rare or probably non-existent now, and occasionally a new candidate is advanced for consideration.

½a Circular Brighton Forgeries (after Séfi)

Blacks½a blackwatertissue
½a blackwaterthin white laid
½a greywaterthin white laid
Blues½a ultramarinewatertoned pelure
½a Prussian bluewatertoned pelure
½a bright bluewaterwhite laid
½a bright blueoilthin white laid
½a bright blueoiltissue
Reds½a brown-redoiltissue
½a carmine-redoillaid
½a dull redwatertoned pelure
½a redwaterwhite laid
½a pale redoilthin white laid
Oranges½a dull orangeoiltissue
Yellows½a yellowwatertissue
½a yellow-ochrewaterwhite laid
½a yellow-ochrewatertoned pelure
½a bright yellowwatertoned pelure
½a pale yellowwaterthin hard white wove
½a yellow-ochreoilthin white laid
Greens½a emerald-greenwatertoned pelure
½a yellow-greenwaterwhite laid
½a deep olive-greenwaterwhite laid
½a emerald-greenoilthin white laid
½a greenoiltissue
Browns½a chestnutoilthin white laid

1a Circular Brighton Forgeries

Blacks1a blackwatertissue
1a blackwatertoned pelure
1a blackwatertoned laid
1a blackwaterwhite laid
1a grey-blackoilthin white laid
1a blackoilthin white laid
1a blackoilcoarse grey wove
Blues1a ultramarinewatertoned pelure
1a bright bluewaterwhite laid
1a bright blueoilthin white laid
Reds1a brown-redwaterwhite laid
1a brown-redwatertoned laid
1a brown-redoiltissue
1a dull redwatertoned pelure
Oranges1a dull orangeoiltissue
Yellows1a yellow-ochrewatertoned pelure
1a bright yellowwatertoned pelure
1a yellow-ochrewaterwhite laid
1a pale yellowwaterthin white wove
1a yellow-ochreoilthin white laid
Greens1a emerald-greenwatertoned pelure wove
1a yellow-greenwatertoned laid
1a yellow-greenwaterwhite laid
1a deep olive-greenwaterwhite laid
1a greenoiltissue
Browns1a chestnutoilthin white laid

4a Circular Brighton Forgeries

Blacks4a blackwatertissue
4a blackwatertoned laid
4a blackwaterwhite laid
4a blackoilthin white laid
4a greyoilthin white laid
Blues4a Prussian-bluewatertissue
4a greyish-bluewatertissue
4a greyish-blueoiltissue
4a ultramarinewatertoned pelure
4a bright bluewaterwhite laid
4a bright blueoilthin white laid
Reds4a dull redwatertoned pelure
4a redwaterwhite laid
Oranges4a dull orangeoiltissue
Yellows4a yellow-ochrewatertoned pelure
4a bright yellowwatertoned pelure
4a yellow-ochrewaterwhite laid
4a pale yellowwaterthin white wove
4a yellow-ochreoilthin white laid
Greens4a emerald-greenwatertoned pelure
4a yellow-greenwatertoned laid
4a yellow-greenwaterwhite laid
4a deep olive-greenwaterwhite laid
4a greenoiltissue
Browns4a chestnutoilthin white laid

Is this a Brighton? The qalamrao at the 11 o’clock position is most distinctively Brighton-like, as are other aspects of the general demeanor, but there are other features that differ from the Platonic form. There is indeed a 4a Prussian blue sighted, but on the imitation native paper (“tissue”), while this specimen is on a different sort of thin wove. And again, while the pigment is slightly water-soluble in the way of many blue dyes, it is probably not watercolor proper. Brightons are indeed known with fake cancelling, as here.

Jammu-Plate Brighton Forgeries

Blacks½a+1a black watertoned pelure wove
½a+1a blackwatertoned pelure laid
½a+1a blackwaterwhite laid
½a+1a greenish-blackwaterwhite laid
½a+1a greenish-blackwaterwhite wove
½a+1a brownish-blackwaterthick ribbed wove
½a+1a blackwaterthin toned laid
½a+1a blackoilthin toned laid
½a+1a indigo-blackoilthin toned laid
½a+1a blackoilthin toned wove
Blues½a+1a indigowatertoned pelure woves
½a+1a ultramarinewatertoned pelure woves
½a+1a bluewatertoned pelure laid
½a+1a ultramarinewaterwhite laid
½a+1a deep greenish-bluewaterwhite wove
½a+1a blueoilthick white laid
Reds½a+1a pale redwatertoned pelure wove
½a+1a brick-redwatertoned pelure laid
½a+1a brick-redwaterwhite laid
½a+1a brick-redwaterthin white bâtonné
½a+1a brick-redwaterthin toned laid
½a+1a dull lakewaterthin white wove
½a+1a scarletoilthin toned wove
½a+1a pale redoilthin toned wove
Yellows½a+1a bright yellowwaterwhite pelure
½a+1a yellowoilthick white wove
Greens½a+1a emerald-greenoilpelure laid
½a+1a deep greenoilthin toned wove

Kashmir Brighton Forgeries

1st Kashmir Plate½a orange-yellowoilstout white wove
½a orange-yellowoilthin coarse wove
1a blackoiltissue
1a crimsonoiltissue
1a brown-purpleoiltissue
Visitors’ Plate¼a blackoiltissue
2a orange-yellowoiltissue
2a deep chestnutoiltissue
4a Kashmir Die4a bluish-greenoiltissue
4a olive-greenoiltissue

The preceding is indeed a ½a orange-yellow oilcolor on thin coarse wove, so we tentatively advance it as the item mentioned above. But for this Brighton option one might well take it for a slightly wayward reprint; Séfi’s reprint listing does not mention an orange-yellow, just a pale yellow and an olive-yellow, neither of which fits this item nearly so well as orange-yellow. So here it sits, putting some color to this particularly barren patch of page.

New Rectangular Brightons

We alert the reader to the extensive on-site section in Séfi & Mortimer on the New Rectangular ►Brightons. These forgeries are more dangerous than those of the earlier period.

⅛a Plate

The ⅛a bright yellow oilcolor forgery on thick toned-wove paper is a scarce forgery of the entire sheet in the Brighton class. The color is unlike any of the shades found among the originals.

½a Plate

Two types only of Brighton forgeries on a distinctive paper are recorded by Séfi & Mortimer for this denomination. The forged plate is correct in width but short in height by about 1.5 mm. The Maltese-type cross etched on the left side of the authentic plate is reproduced too distinctly and too large, what appears to be an ill-conceived modification of their photo-processed plate.

¼a Plate

A problematic case. This forged plate is reported by Séfi & Mortimer to be of the correct height and only slightly too narrow in width. The size diagnostic is therefore not safe for single copies in this denomination.

1a Plate

Unattested. Séfi & Mortimer remark (p 278) that “there appears to be no reason why it should not exist; if it does, it is probably either very rare or very dangerous.”

We advance the preceding as candidates for Brightonhood, though they are not scarce and the red at least is certainly not dangerous. The design is perfect, subject #14 in the plate. But the white in the printing is too expansive to look right, as if produced from an image of an image in a photographic process. The paper is also anomalous—very thin with unusually narrow horizontal laiding lines. The width is slightly narrower than an original. Séfi and Mortimer also say, for reasons here unknown, that if such exist they should be expected in either black, green, or red. As here. Judge as ye will.

2a Plate

The 2a plate is the easiest to diagnose, for even singles of the forgery can be recognized at sight as being too narrow in both dimensions. Here below we show two 2a Brighton sheets on smooth greenish-yellow tinted paper and on coarse yellow-toned paper:

Size comparison: an original is placed over the narrower Brighton.

Above: This (not uncommon) item doesn’t have a clear match in the Séfi listing. The shade is not quite a ‘deep ultramarine’ (more violet in sunlight) and the paper, though indeed a thin white wove, is not pelure.

4a + 8a Plate

The dimensions of the 4a + 8a Brighton sheet are accurate. Forgeries are easily told, however, because certain of the simulated perforation dots in the margins are missing. Originals have all such dots present, seven on each pane. Was the editing of the dots purposeful? Otherwise one has to wonder how it happened.

The 4a bright rose Brighton pane. Only three of the expected seven margin dots are present.

The 8a crimson-red Brighton pane. Four of the expected seven margin dots are present. There are shade and paper varieties in both denominations according to Séfi’s table below.

And here something of the wayward colorings; the 4a brown-lake? and 4a olive-green, on meshed wove paper, in obeisance to the table:

New Rectangular Brighton Forgeries (after Séfi)

⅛a bright yellowinkthick toned wove
¼a bright roseinkthin white meshed wove
¼a vermilioninkthin hard unmeshed wove
½a brown-lake  inkfine meshed medium wove
½a scarletinkfine meshed medium wove
2a violet-bluewaterwhite laid
2a deep ultramarineoilwhite pelure wove
2a roseinkwhite laid
2a bright roseinkthin meshed white wove
2a scarletinkthin meshed white wove
2a redinkgreenish-yellow tissue paper
2a maroneinkbright green tissue paper
2a redinkvery coarse yellow tissue paper
2a redinkthin greenish-yellow wove
4a crimson-redinkwhite semi-pelure wove
4a bright roseinkthin white meshed wove
4a bright roseinkthin hard unmeshed wove
4a scarletinkthin hard unmeshed wove
4a brown-lakeink  thin hard unmeshed wove  
4a orangeoilwhite pelure wove
4a myrtle-greeninkthin white wove
4a olive-greeninkthin white wove
4a olive-greeninkwhite semi-pelure wove
4a chestnutoil?white pelure wove
8a bluish-blackink?hard unmeshed wove
8a ultramarineoilhard unmeshed wove
8a ultramarineoilwhite semi-pelure wove
8a deep blueoilwhite semi-pelure wove
8a crimson-redinkwhite semi-pelure wove
8a bright roseinkwhite semi-pelure wove
8a bright roseinkthin white meshed wove
8a bright roseinkthin hard unmeshed wove
8a orangeoilthin unmeshed wove
8a chestnutoil?white pelure wove

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